Passive Voice of Participles & Gerunds
Voice–Participles and Gerund (verb + ing)
Participle Definition: It is not the main verb and doesn’t work as a verb in the sentence. It works as an adjective in sentences.
Three types of Participle meaning:
- Present participle (verb + ing)
My brother jumped from a running car. (Jumped–m.v. & running–present participle behaves as an adjective in the sentence.)
My dear sir sold his working scooter.
- Past Participle meaning (v3– adjective)
The broken wire cut my finger.
The burnt rice tasted awful.
A tired farmer slept under the tree.
Note: broken, burnt and tired are “past participles”
- Perfect participle– (having + v3) (complete action)
Having taught English, I went to my home.
- Voice of Present Participles
Active: I still know my elder brother taking me to the hospital.
Passive: I still know being taken to hospital by my brother.
Active: I found his friends shouting at him.
Passive: I found him being shouted by his friends.
- Past participle
The past participle has itself a passive meaning:
There was a signed paper on the table.
Damaged badly by the earthquake, the building had to be rebuilt.
- Perfect Participle
Active – Perfect Participle (having + v3) – (Passive – having + been + v3)
I am very disappointed about having been terminated from my job by him.
Aren’t you angry about having been lied to? (You were lied to by a person, by someone. They lied to you. You received the action.)
|Having been deceived by his wife, he felt devasted or he, having been deceived by his wife, felt devasted.||The club, having been banned in most cities, didn’t do so well.|
|Having been praised for his writing, he felt good.||Having been ragged, my friend attempted suicide.|
|Having been lost the cricket match, he wept bitterly.||Having been abused, he began to cry.|
|Having been accused of murder, my colleague ran away.||Having been fired, he left the city.|
|Having been watched the web series already, he got bored rewatching it. (x)||Having watched the web series already, he got bored rewatching it. (correct)|
Passive Voice of Participles & Gerunds:
Gerund definition: Gerunds work as an adjective, adverb and noun.
Subject + like/hate/enjoy/remember/love + being + Past participle
Active: he likes swimming
Passive: he likes being swum.
- See more examples of passive gerunds:
|He doesn’t enjoy being criticized||He loves being danced.|
|She doesn’t enjoy being watched.||I still remember being paid.|
|He enjoys being praised.||She loves being taught the Guitar.|
|They liked being taught in school days.||His son likes being held.|
|She hates being scolded.||I hate being criticized.|
|He doesn’t like being punished.||My son doesn’t like being abused.|
|She remembered being scolded.||The Students hate being beaten in schools.|
|She hates being told.||I am tired of being insulted.|
- Passive gerunds used at the beginning of the sentences
Being + the past participle + verb
Being beaten is an awful experience.
Being scolded is a bad experience for kids.
Being watched makes her feel nervous.
Being held by the mother helps the kid go to bed.
Being/getting paid monthly on time is very important to survive life.
- Being = getting (sometimes)
My cow doesn’t like being washed. Or
My cow doesn’t like getting washed.
My baby likes being kissed on the hands. Or my baby likes getting kissed on the hands.