At the time of speaking something happened in the past at a certain time that indicates by some following time expressing words:
Yesterday, yesterday + time (yesterday morning, evening, night noon, afternoon), the day before yesterday, in past years, ago, earlier, since, ever since, the other day. Last moment, Last + time (Sunday, month, night, day, evening, week, year), in 2010, in January, previous Sunday.
Sub + action II form + obj.
- He has met me yesterday. (×)
- He met me yesterday. (√)
- She made a speech the last Sunday.
- He got a job the previous week.
- Rahul got his salary at the end of the month.
- It rained heavily at midnight.
- My father came home late at night by train.
- She took food an hour ago.
- They reached the station on time, boarded the train and thanked God.
- The knight stood up, smiled and tapped the little boy and finally gave him some gold coins.
Sub + did not (didn’t) + action + obj.
- I didn’t mean to hurt your feelings.
- She didn’t want to tell a lie.
- He didn’t get any job.
- She didn’t shift from Jaipur.
- It didn’t snow the last Sunday.
- I didn’t admit my mistake which I did.
- He confessed his sin.
- He didn’t study the whole year and didn’t study in wee hours as well. At the eleventh hour, he copied the exams.
Interrogative sentences I:
Did + Sub + action + obj?
- Did you say something to him?
- Did you find your lost bag?
- Did you agree to this proposal?
- Did you see the Tajmahal?
- Did you go for an evening walk?
- Did you go to the theatre last Sunday?
Interrogative negative sentences II:
Did + sub + not + action + obj?
- Did you not learn the Guitar? I did not learn the guitar. I wanted to learn it.
- Did she not get ready?
- Did they not make a fuss?
- Did he not read his book today?
- Did Dushyant Som not study in Wee hours?
- Did Bhupendra not crack the IAS examinations?
- Did Saurav not complete his B. Pharmacy?
Didn’t + sub + action + obj? examples:
- Didn’t you beat him?
- Didn’t you lend him money?
- Didn’t he ask for money?
- Didn’t they steal money from the bank?
- Didn’t Rajni make her passport?
Wh word + did + subject + action + object?
- Why did you hide the truth?
- When did you ask him?
- Where did you keep the money?
- Who told you the truth?
- Who taught you how to play the Guitar?
- He ……… him 100 bucks for his service.
- Gives b. gave c. had given
2. he said, she ……… nervous while facing the interview.
a. is getting b. got c. get
3. Arjit Singh’s concert ……….. very late.
a. begin b. begun c. began
4. I ……… to hurt your feelings by saying this statement yesterday.
a. didn’t meant b. didn’t mean c. wasn’t mean
5. who …….. the truth?
a. did tell b. told c. tell
6. why did you ………. the fact?
a. concealed b. conceal c. concealing
7. didn’t he …….. you money?
a. lend b. lent c. did lending
8. did she ………. a mistake?
a. made b. make c. mad
9. he ………. to the office yesterday.
a. comes on foot b. came on foot c. come on foot
10. she ………… me everything earlier.
a. has explained b. had explained c. explained
11. he ……… that job a long time ago.
a. has left b. had left c. left
12. where did you …… it?
a. putted b. put c. putting
13. I ……. my kite high in the sky.
a. fly b. flown c. flew
14. When she sat there, she ………. the sketch.
a. draw b. drew c. drawn
15. she ………. to me.
a. lie b. lain c. lied
16. my brother ………. to the jungle and …….. gold coins there last week.
a. go-find b. went- found c. went- founded
17. The accused was ……… on 22nd January .
a. hang b. hung c. hanged
18. She ……… the spices.
a. grind b. ground c. grounded
19. he ……… in the deep well.
a. felled b. fell c. fallen
20. She ……… the difficulties.
a. bore b. born c. borne