The Verb ‘To Be’
‘Be’ is an irregular verb that is used as a helping verb and main verb as well.
Usages (The Verb ‘To Be’)
He/she/it/name/ singular person (noun) + is/was + complement/ verb + ing + object etc.
You/we/they/plural person + are/were + complement/ verb + ing + object.
I + am/ was + complement /verb + ing
The Verb ‘To Be’ (is/are/am/was/were) is used in various ways:
|He is my elder brother.||She is twenty years old.|
|His brother was very intelligent in his school days.||He was a thirty-year-old guy.|
|My sister is adorable.||She was twenty-five when she was married.|
|He is eighteen now.||How old is he?|
|His grandfather was a freedom fighter.||They were bankers.|
|Are you a nurse?||Was he a clerk?|
|I am not but my sister is a nurse who works in a max hospital.||He was a software engineer.|
|All the students are engineers.||He is a hawker.|
|Both the girls are doctors.||He is a freelancer.|
|My name is William Smith.||Her name is Eva.|
|Are you Jennifer?||I am not Jennifer, my name is Kate.|
|What’s your father’s name?||My father’s name is Andrew.|
|She is smart.||He is cruel.|
|They are very intelligent.||I am kind-hearted.|
|You are clever.||She is arrogant.|
|She is tall.||You are snobbish.|
|He is dull in the study.||He is timid.|
|He is diligent.||Rahul is brave.|
|She is kind.||He is great.|
Sub + be (is/are/am or was/were) + verb III (used as an adjective)
|He is surprised.||This application is written.|
|They are worried.||The car is punctured.|
|I am tired of being lonely.||This paper is signed.|
|This paper is signed.||It is handwritten.|
|Her heart is broken.||It is damaged.|
|This home is decorated.||This wall is fully furnished.|
|My brother is well educated.||He is worried.|
|His body problem is diagnosed.||He is tired.|
Use of ‘It’ with the form of ‘be’
‘ It’ is used with
|It is a very hot climate in Jaisalmer.||It is cold in Himachal Pradesh.|
|It is a warm climate in Rajasthan.||It is winter.|
|It is a sunny day.||It is the summer season.|
|It is autumn.||It is terrible weather today.|
|It is stormy.||It is not flowing fast.|
|It is not blowing harder now.||It is warm.|
It is 33 degrees Celcius.
It is 22 kilometres.
Point of time:
It is a particular time that uses to denote a specific date, day, month, year and time (it is mentioned below in a particular way)
|It is on 18th January.||It was Saturday.|
|It was 2nd March.||It is January.|
|It was the weekend.||It is Wednesday.|
|It was 2019.||It is 2020.|
10 It is ten ‘o’clock.
7:30 It is half-past seven.
5:15 It is quarter past five.
4:45 It is quarter to five.
4:55 It is five to five.
Other points of time: today, tonight, tomorrow, yesterday, next Sunday, next month, next year, next week, next day, Next night, last day, last month, last Sunday, last year, last time, last night
|It was my last night in the hostel.||It is today.|
|It is next month.||It was yesterday.|
|It is next Sunday.||It was yesterday’s night.|
|Is it next year?||It is tonight.|
|It was the last time.||It was last week.|
|It was morning.||It is afternoon.|
|It is evening.||It is noon.|
|It was midday then.||It was a terrible night.|
Use of it as a dummy subject:
|It is good.||It is high time to go.|
|It was a nice time.||It is I who cares for you a lot.|
|It is nice to talk to you.||It is she who helps you in every path.|
Use of there with the form of ‘be’:
‘There’ is used as a subject and ‘verb’ is used according to number or quantity.
There + be + complement
|There are four friends in his college.||There were two children in the same school.|
|There is a boy who loves riding a lot.||There was an anaconda in this village.|
|There is a man who serves food free of cost.||There is an old temple outside of the village.|
Use of this, that and these, those with the form of ‘be’
Demonstrative pronoun: these pronouns are used to indicate a person or thing that is nearby or far.
This (singular) and these (plural) are used to indicate a nearby person, place or thing.
That (singular) and those (plural) are used to point out a person, place or thing which is a bit far from the eyes.
This/that/these/those (demonstrative pronoun) + be + complement (no action)
This/that + is/was + complement.
|This is a table.||That is a black cat.|
|This is a puppy that I love very much.||That was a nice mobile in the shop.|
These/those+ are/were + complement.
|Those were the best moments of my life when I met her.||Those are my best friends who are standing nearby the coffee maker.|
|These are delicious.||These are bluebirds.|
|These are mangoes.||These are animals.|
This/that/these/those + noun + be + complement.
|Those shoes were very expensive.||This building is situated in New York.|
|That boy is very intelligent.||That player was not honest.|
|This boy is very handsome.||These students were very naughty in the tenth standard.|
|These girls are very clever.||Those flowers are the best in this garden.|
‘Be’ is used as a main verb:
Be + noun/adjectives (qualities, states (feeling or situations), occupations
Noun form: Be a man
|Be polite.||Be smart.|
|Don’t be harsh.||Be generous|
|Be simple.||Be calm|
|Don’t be mad.||Don’t be cruel|
|be a doctor.||don’t be a smuggler.|
|be an engineer.||don’t be a thief.|
|don’t be a terrorist.||be a reporter.|
Exercise I (Use of Be):
Find the suitable form of ‘be’ and fill in the blanks.
- ….. your brother happy now? Yes, he ….. happy now.
- …… they tired now? Yes, they …. tired now.
- He ….. angry at the moment.
- Where ……..your sister now? She ….. at downstairs now.
- Where ….. your friend now? he …. At the mall right now.
- Where …. your colleagues at the moment? they ….. at the restaurant.
- …… students excited now? Yes, they … excited now.
- ….. Rahul bored now? No, he… not bored now.
- Are those boys …… (Travel)at the moment? No, they aren’t travelling at the moment.
- .. … …. the girls being cautious right now? Yes, they….. being cautious right now.
- …. he being kind? Yes, he is …… kind.
- ….. she being humble right now? No, she isn’t …… humble.
- …. Lupe being serious at the moment? Yes, she is ….. serious at the moment.
- …… Marcus being hard on them at the moment. Yes, he is …… hard on them at the moment.
- ….. Mia being unfaithful now? No, she isn’t ……. Unfaithful now.
Exercise II (The Verb ‘To Be’)
- This application ……. written. (is/are/am)
- Car is ……. There. (punctured, puncture, punctures)
- It ……. ten ‘o’clock. (is/are/am)
- She ……… twenty years old. (is/are/am)
- You ………. Doctor. (are a, is a, am a, was a)
- She ……. Intelligent. (is/are/am/were)
- He is …….. . (worry, worried, worrying)
- She is ……… (a smart, smart, smarter)
- You are …….. (scare, scaring, scared)
- My document ………. (was tearing, was tore, was torn)